Torrential hurricanes, devastating droughts, crippling ice storms, and raging heat waves—all are extreme weather phenomena that can claim lives and cause untold damage. Climate change influences severe weather by causing longer droughts and higher temperatures in some regions and more intense deluges in others, say climate experts. Among the most vulnerable are communities in exposed mountain and coastal regions.
In those settings worldwide, citizens are adjusting to new weather realities by strengthening warning, shelter, and protection systems. Meteorological records show a rise in weather-related disasters since Climate change affects some weather, but experts caution against blaming it for every extreme event.
A fierce cyclone hits Bangladesh about every three years. In Cyclone Marian killedIn Cyclone Sidr flattenedhomes, but a warning system and fortified shelters helped limit deaths to 3, Today restoring coastal mangroves and hillside forests aims to stave off surging seas, landslides, and floods during future storms. The global average temperature in May was the highest on record.
To cope, the city of Ahmadabad offered potable water and cooling centers in high-risk areas and trained health aides to treat heat-related illness. Climate change may not cause a particular storm, but rising sea levels can worsen its impact. In a nine-foot storm surge from Hurricane Sandy hit New York City at high tide, making the water 14 feet higher than normal at the tip of Manhattan.
Flooding destroyed neighborhoods and beaches in outer boroughs. The sea level in this area is rising by more than an inch each decade—twice as fast as the global average—and is predicted to rise 11 to 21 inches by To prepare, the city is implementing coastal resiliency measures: A multiuse project will create more green spaces for city residents as well as a system of floodwalls, berms, and retractable barriers for enhanced storm protection.
Costly storm and flood damage to burgeoning coastal infrastructure is growing. Innovations such as building floating villages and relocating vulnerable assets away from rising seas can reduce risk and losses. More people will likely be exposed to the effects of climate change in the next century, with potentially catastrophic implications for human health. Comment on this article. How to live with it Wild Weather Torrential hurricanes, devastating droughts, crippling ice storms, and raging heat waves—all are extreme weather phenomena that can claim lives and cause untold damage.
Catastrophes on the Rise Meteorological records show a rise in weather-related disasters since Show Comments. Next: Part 5 5 Ways Climate Change Will Affect You: Health Risks More people will likely be exposed to the effects of climate change in the next century, with potentially catastrophic implications for human health.Weather Atlas Bulgaria Countries: Locations: Monthly weather forecast and climate Bulgaria.
Flag of Bulgaria. The climate of Bulgaria. Bulgaria has diverse and complex climate types. Bulgaria lies in southeastern Europe and shares borders with Greece and Turkey in the south. The topography is highly variable, with plains, hills, mountains, gorges, basins, and river valleys, even within small regions.
The Danube Plain, the Balkan Mountains, the Transitional Area, and the Rhodope, are the four main climatic regions from north to south. The snowy peaks of the Balkan Mountains give way to warm Mediterranean influence in the valleys of Macedonia and lowlands and plains of southern and upper Thrace. The continental Danube Plain in the north differs significantly from the mild and sunny Black Coast.Landscape paintings
The Balkan Mountains stretch from west to east and are a barrier between the northern cold air and warm southern air. The coastline stretches up to miles, and the Iskar is the longest river at miles.
Musala is the highest peak in Bulgaria at meters above sea level. Summers are hot in the interior plains of Bulgaria based but warm in the mountains. Temperatures are usually in the range of Winters are cold everywhere and especially severe in the north. The cold air from Russia brings low temperatures, strong winds, and severe frosts. Fog is standard in the low valleys, and temperature inversion is regular. Cold air stagnates on the ground in the valleys and plains.
The skies are cloudy, and there is plenty of snowfall. Spring is relatively dry but has variable weather. Temperatures often change quickly due to the alternate invasion of warm and cold air masses. Cold days and snow shores mostly end by May. The autumn has mild and pleasant weather in the first half of the season. Cold conditions dominate the second half of the fall season by the turn of October. Bulgaria has a mean annual temperature of The climate ranges from alpine in the high mountains to subtropical in the south.
The annual average rainfall in Bulgaria is a moderate Dobrudzha is the driest region with The precipitation varies by altitude, from Northern Bulgaria receives the highest rainfall in May and Junewhile the southern region registers peak precipitation in the winter. Snowfall ranges from mm 30" to mm 40" in the lowlands to over mm " in the mountains. Snow cover lasts up to 9 months in the mountains but exists on the ground for only 30 days in the plains. The annual sunshine varies from hours in the north to in the south.
The sea temperatures range between a cold 7. The highest temperature on record in Bulgaria is It seeks to answer the questions of why things are as they are, where they are. The modern academic discipline of geography is rooted in ancient practice, concerned with the characteristics of places, in particular their natural environments and peoples, as well as the relations between the two. To most people, geography means knowing where places are and what they are like.
Although there was a much earlier teaching of what is now called geography, the academic discipline is largely a 20th-century creation, forming a bridge between the natural and social sciences.
The history of geography is the history of thinking about the concepts of environments, places, and spaces. Its content covers an understanding of the physical reality we occupy and our transformations of environments into places that we find more comfortable to inhabit although many such modifications often have negative long-term impacts. Geography provides insights into major contemporary issues, such as globalization and environmental change, as well as a detailed appreciation of local differences; changes in disciplinary interests and practices reflect those issues.
The history of geography has two main parts: the history of exploration and mapmaking and the development of the academic discipline. Geography Article Media Additional Info.PAGASA WEATHER FORECAST CONDITION UPDATE DECEMBER 17, 2020 - PUBLIC WEATHER FORECAST ISSUED
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Britannica Quiz. Where might you walk through the Rive Guache? In what country will you find Montego Bay? Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today. Load Next Page.Today weak to moderate wind will blow from the south-southeast and with it will bring in warm air. Light eastern wind will continue to blow in the Danube plain. Clouds over many areas will temporarily scatter to sunny weather, with cloudy and foggy spells over the western part of the Danube plain.
Later in the day, clouds will become denser, but rains are hardly expected. Atmospheric pressure will decrease slightly and in the afternoon will already be slightly lower than the average for the month. Over the mountains, clouds will decrease to mostly sunny. After lunch, over the mountains of southwestern Bulgaria it will become cloudy, without rain or snow. Moderate south-southwestern wind will will grow stronger in the evening. The maximum temperature at m a. Over the Black Sea coast there will be significant cloudiness, which during the day will temporarily decrease.
The wind will be oriented from the south-southeast and will be weak. We need your support so Novinite. Thank you! USD 1. News in:. Tweet Share. Send to Kindle. Tags: weather in Bulgaria. More from Domestic. Emergency Epidemic Situation in Bulgaria will be Prolonged.
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The editorial staff also publishes a daily online newspaper "Sofia Morning News. Foreign media analysis on Bulgaria and World News in Brief are also part of the web site and the online newspaper. News Bulgaria.The climate in Bulgaria is continental, but changes to humid subtropical climate along the Black Sea Coast.
Sofia is the capital and the largest city in Bulgaria. Sofia has a humid continental climate with cold winter and hot summer. Sofia has an average precipitation of mm 22 inches a year, with spring and summer being wetter than other seasons. See the weather in Sofia and the best time to go guide for more information.
Plovdiv is the second largest city and an ideal base for wine tourism in the Thracian Valley. It has four distinct seasons with temperatures vary wildly.
Winter is cold, with average lows dipping below the freezing point from December to February. Rainfall is evenly distributed throughout the year, although November is usually the wettest month.
Winter is milder than inland areas but can be cold too. Lightweights in the summer and heavyweights in winter. Waterproofs and extra layers are useful too. The Balkan Mountains cross the country reaching to the edge of the Black Sea and its golden beaches.
The land is heavily cultivated, covered with forests and crossed by rivers.
Current Local Time in Sofia, Bulgaria
Although Bulgaria lies in the very southeast corner of Europe, the climate is temperate — cold, damp winters and hot, dry summers. The Black Sea resorts have some of the largest beaches in Europe and offer sunbathing from May until October, while in winter heavy falls of snow are virtually guaranteed in the mountain ski resorts. Introducing Bulgaria. Plan your trip. Travel to Bulgaria Where to stay. Before you go. Book your flights. Places in Bulgaria Cities. Ski Resorts. Bansko Borovets Pamporovo.
Cruise Locations. Book a Hotel. All rights reserved Bulgaria lies in the south-east of Europe and is home to an enviable Mediterranean climate which shifts more towards continental as you move toward the interior. Home to some of the oldest cities in all of Europe, the country is remarkable with some beautifully well-preserved towns and historic settlements for you to take in on your travels. Bulgaria has a border with Romania which is marked by the Danube and a coastline upon the Black Sea.Away little miss sunshine term paper
On the west it is bordered by Serbia and Montenegroand on the south by Greece, so as you can imagine the country is home to some of the most beautiful scenery in the world and complemented by weather conditions to match.
The coast of Bulgaria is home to the largest area of low land- a contrast to the west and south which see a mountainous country that rises to over feet. As you increase in altitude you increase in temperature extremes along with higher levels of precipitation, so in the low lands, you see much more moderate rainfall and more mild conditions. Summers do have a tendency to get quite hot, and winters fairly cold. Along the coast is where you will find conditions that are most reminiscent of parts of the Mediterranean, and it is here that you will find a few coastal resorts scattered which are perfect for summer getaways.
The town of Varna lies upon the Black Sea coast and experiences warmer winters than any other part of the country, however when the cold air blows down from the Russian Federation you will be hit with bitterly cold conditions and during this time it is not uncommon for the Danube and other smaller lakes and rivers to freeze over completely.
Rainfall is at its peak in December, with 63mm of precipitation recorded on average, but drops dramatically in January when average precipitation across the month is only 28 mm across about 8 days of the month. Rainfall stays fairly minimal until June where it again picks up to an average of 64mm across the month. With the introduction of summer comes daily highs of into the high 20's and often into the 30's, complete with about 10 to 11 hours of uninterrupted sunlight.
One of the most popular tourist getaways in Bulgaria is the town of Burgas and the popular resort town of Sunny Beach. Home to beautiful golden sandy beaches, warm ocean temperatures and hours of sunlight in the summer months, this part of the country is a favourite holiday destination for both locals and international travellers alike. As you move westward you will gradually reach the higher lying parts of the country, including Bulgaria's beautiful and historic capital, Sofialies in the far west.
Sofia sits in the Sofia Valley, surrounded on all four sides by mountains. Sofia's climate is continental- meaning it experiences high-temperature amplitudes across the year. Winter in Sofia really begins around November, when temperatures drop down to 1.
Winter is one of the driest times of the year in Sofia, with January actually recording the lowest precipitation for the year, at only 28mm, and similar conditions in February with 31 mm of rain. While snow can be expected in many areas across the country, due to Sofia's higher elevation it is possible to see snow cover well into spring, and you can make the most of the winter snowfall by engaging in the variety of winter sports that the region offers.
The city centre of Sofia, capital of Bulgaria. Rainfall picks up in the summertime, by May the city is being washed with 73mm of rain which picks up to 75mm by June and stays above 50mm throughout the rest of the season. While average precipitation is at its highest in late spring and early summer, average days of rain is pretty consistent across the year, with each month normally seeing about 10 days of rain, other than May and June which see 14 and 13 respectively.
The mercury begins to rise by late May and June brings daily highs of Sofia is one of the oldest cities in Europe, possible to be traced back over years, so as a result you can wander the well-preserved walls and take in the architecture that dates back before 7 th century BC. Along with being home to some of the oldest cities in Europe, Bulgaria also plays host to about different rivers- most of which are fairly short and very shallow in parts- making many of them perfect for cooling down in on a summer's day.
Weather in Bulgaria: Warmer Spell, Sunny in Most Regions
Along with a dense network of rivers Bulgaria houses about 50 spa towns and resorts which is a popular getaway in the warmer months. Residence of the Romanian queen by the black sea in Balchik, Bulgaria. View by:. Sort by: Alphabetical Hottest.Speech impairment meaning in spanish writing
Flag Name Temp. Top Countries Sort by:. Sort by: Alphabetical Hottest Most Popular. About Bulgaria Bulgaria lies in the south-east of Europe and is home to an enviable Mediterranean climate which shifts more towards continental as you move toward the interior.
Coastal Region Along the coast is where you will find conditions that are most reminiscent of parts of the Mediterranean, and it is here that you will find a few coastal resorts scattered which are perfect for summer getaways. Varna beach, Bulgaria. Inland Region As you move westward you will gradually reach the higher lying parts of the country, including Bulgaria's beautiful and historic capital, Sofialies in the far west.
Show distance in: miles km. Canary Islands.Bulgaria is a country situated in Southeast Europe and occupies the eastern quarter of the Balkan peninsula, being the largest country within its geographic boundaries.
The northern border with Romania follows the river Danube until the city of Silistra. Considering its relatively small size, Bulgaria has a great variety of topographical features.
Even within small parts of the country, the land may be divided into plains, plateaus, hills, mountains, basins, gorges, and deep river valleys. The geographic center of Bulgaria is located in Uzana. Bulgaria features notable diversity with the landscape ranging from the snow-capped peaks in RilaPirin and the Balkan Mountains to the mild and sunny Black Sea coast ; from the typically continental Danubian Plain ancient Moesia in the north to the strong Mediterranean climatic influence in the valleys of Macedonia and in the lowlands in the southernmost of Thracethe lowest parts of the Upper Thracian Plainalong the Maritsa River, the Southern Bulgarian Black Sea Coast.
Most of the country is situated within the humid continental climate region, with Alpine climate in the highest mountains and subtropical climate in the southernmost regions. The country has a dense river network but with the notable exception of the river Danube, they are mostly short and with low water flow. Bulgaria has substantial land in agriculture and forest. The country falls within six terrestrial ecoregions of the Palearctic realm : Balkan mixed forests mainRodope montane mixed forests main in the mountainsEuxine-Colchic deciduous forestsAegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forestsEast European forest steppe and Pontic—Caspian steppe.
It is also crossed by a major gas pipeline transporting natural gas from Russia to Bulgaria. There are three border crossings near the town of Petrich and at the villages of Logodazh and Gyueshevo.
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The relief of Bulgaria is varied. In the relatively small territory of the country there are extensive lowlands, plains, hills, low and high mountains, many valleys and deep gorges. From north to south, those bands, called geomorphological regions, are the Danubian Plainthe Balkan Mountainsthe Transitional region and the Rilo - Rhodope region.
The easternmost sections near the Black Sea are hilly, but they gradually gain height to the west until the westernmost part of the country is entirely high ground. Table, showing the distribution of the height zones in Bulgaria: .
The contemporary relief of Bulgaria is a result of continuous geological evolution. The Bulgarian lands were often submerged by ancient seas and lakes, some land layers rose others sank. Volcanic eruptions were common both on land and in the water basins.
During the ArcheanProterozoic and Paleozoic eras 4. Throughout most of that period the only land areas were Rila, Pirin and the western Rhodope Mountains.
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